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Creative Commons

Como se puede ver en la barra derecha esta página web está bajo una licencia Creative Commons. Como mucha gente no sabe lo que es ,trataré de dar una pequeña explicación.

Hasta hace poco sólo existía el copyright. Esta licencia se asignaba instantáneamente en el momento que alguien creara una obra. Esto es, en cuanto una persona escribiera un texto, compusiera una canción o hiciera una presentación en diapositivas, tenía todos los derechos sobre la obra creada. Pero se da la paradoja de que adquirir todos los derechos sobre una obra no te da todos los derechos sobre la misma: no tienes posibilidad de compartir tus derechos. Trataré de explicarme porque es un poco complicado. Con el copyright los derechos son irrenunciables. Esto es, no puedes no tener derechos sobre la obra que tú has creado. Parece un poco estúpido que por el mero hecho de “dar a luz” cualquier tipo de obra nadie, bajo ningún concepto, pueda modificar esa obra, aunque tú, el creador, le des permiso. Como mucho, en los textos tienes derecho de cita, esto es, cualquier persona puede copiar parte del texto que tú has creado, sin modificar ni una coma y dando la referencia del autor (lo cual es razonable).

Lawrence Lessing, profesor de derecho de la universidad de Standford, junto con James Boyle, Michael Carroll fundaron en 2001 Creative Commons. Según ellos mismos dicen en su FAQ Creative Commons es una corporación sin ánimo de lucro basada en la idea de que algunas personas pueden no querer ejercer todos los derechos de propiedad intelectual que les permite la ley. Creemos que hay una demanda no satisfecha de un modo seguro que permita decir al mundo la frase “Algunos derechos reservados” o incluso “Sin derechos reservados”. Creative Commons en la actualidad tiene su sede, y recibe un generoso apoyo de la misma, en la Stanford Law School.

Después de la aprobación sectaria de la nueva Ley de Propiedad Intelectual por La Comisión de Cultura del Congreso, es una de las pocas alternativas que nos quedan a aquellos que creemos que la cultura debe ser libre, siempre, sin olvidar los derechos de los autores.

Para que se entienda bien lo que son estas licencias os aconsejo que veáis esta animación flash que encontré gracias a Escolar. Son 5 minutos en los que se explica, con bastante claridad, qué son las Creative Commons. La web de las Creative Commons en España es: Desde aquí se puede obtener toda la información necesaria sobre estas licencias.

Con estas licencias se pretende que el creador tenga la posibilidad de ceder todos o parte de sus derechos a quién él decida. Por tanto, pasamos de “Todos los derechos reservados” a “Algunos derechos reservados”. Por ejemplo, todo el contenido de este blog puede ser reproducido y modificado libremente siempre que, aunque se modifique, se me nombre como fuente original y que la obra resultante no sea usada con fines comerciales. Existe un amplio abanico de posibilidades. Pero atención, poner las obras bajo una licencia Creative Commons no significa que no tengan copyright. Este tipo de licencias ofrecen algunos derechos a terceras personas bajo ciertas condiciones. Estas condiciones son:

  • by Reconocimiento (Attribution): El material creado por un artista puede ser distribuido, copiado y exhibido por terceras personas si se muestra en los créditos.
  • No comercial No Comercial (Non commercial): El material original y los trabajos derivados pueden ser distribuidos, copiados y exhibidos mientras su uso no sea comercial.
  • No modificacion Sin Obra Derivada (No Derivate Works): El material creado por un artista puede ser distribuido, copiado y exhibido pero no se puede utilizar para crear un trabajo derivado del original.
  • Compartir igual Compartir Igual (Share alike): El material creado por un artista puede ser modificado y distribuido pero bajo la misma licencia que el material original.

Combinando estas condiciones se pueden obtener 6 licencias. Las condiciones anteriores y las posibles licencias obtenidas a partir de la combinación de las mismas las podéis encontrar en la web de Creative Commons en la sección de licencias.

Si quieres poner algunas de tus creaciones bajo Creative Commons sólo tienes que entrar en la web de Creative Commons e ir al link de escoger una licencia. Aquí puedes elegir las condiciones de tu licencia. Tras la elección se generará tu licencia en 3 formatos:

  • Commons Deed. Es un resumen leíble por los humanos del texto legal con los iconos relevantes.
  • Legal Code. El código legal completo en el que se basa la licencia que has escogido.
  • Digital Code. El código digital, que puede leer la máquina y que sirve para que los motores de búsqueda y otras aplicaciones identifiquen tu trabajo y sus condiciones de uso.

Estas licencias son plenamente legales ya que han sido traducidas y adaptadas a la legislación de cada país.

Agrega el post a:Estos iconos enlazan a páginas de bookmarking social donde los lectores pueden compartir y descubrir sitios nuevos.

2 Comentarios a “Creative Commons”

  1. tazair Dijo:

    Gracias a meneame leo en alt1040 que la Presidencia del Gorbierno de México adopta las Creative Commons como su licencia.

  2. Northern Lights » Blog Archive » Duda sobre creative commons Dijo:

    [...] Hace unos días expliqué en un post lo que eran las creative commons y que mi página tenía una licencia de ese tipo. Santi en su blog Big in Finland ha decidido también pasarse a este tipo de licencias y le surge una interesante duda: Después de mucho leer y de finalmente decantarme por una no sé si la parte de permitir uso comercial de esto significa que si alguien saca a la venta la recopilación de posts de Big in Finland me llevaría yo alguna parte de ello por ser el autor o sólo lo haría si pongo el contenido como “No permitir uso comercial” y dado el caso tendría que negociar la publicación… ni idea. [...]

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